Anit Girgla, Laura Good, Sladana Krstic, Brendan McGinley, Sarah Richardson, Shani Sneidze-Gregory and Jennifer Star—Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)
Assessment literacy is a multifaceted concept that refers to teachers’ competence in all aspects of assessment. The aim of this study was to develop a research-based assessment literacy and design competence framework that could support the development of assessment literacy among teachers in International Baccalaureate (IB) World Schools. The study involved a literature review, a review of IB programme and subject guides, and consultations with IB staff. Based on the findings of the study, researchers developed a framework that includes seven identified elements of assessment literacy. Rather than any one teacher being expected to possess all of these, the intention is that schools should ensure that there are strengths in all of the key elements across their teaching staff. Using the assessment literacy framework can help teachers to understand their own impact on learners’ achievement, to identify learner needs and possible interventions, and to provide constructive feedback to learners. They can also help learners to become more active in peer and self-assessment. This study demonstrates the importance of assessment literacy and design competence for teachers and school leadership, and provides a framework to support high-quality teaching and learning.