The National Recognition Information Centre for the United Kingdom (UK NARIC)
This study offers a critical and in-depth examination of the International Baccalaureate (IB) approaches to teaching (ATT)—six pedagogical principles which underpin all IB teaching and learning. The full report considers the appropriateness of the ATT for K-12 teaching, the alignment between the ATT and other IB teaching and learning frameworks, and the integration of selected ATT principles in IB documents. The study also provides recommendations regarding the nature of the ATT and its implementation. Researchers conducted a literature review and document audit, as well as a detailed deconstruction of the ATT into its component pedagogic principles. Numerous findings and recommendations delineate opportunities to enhance the clarity of the ATT or to increase embeddedness within IB documentation. However, the report as a whole also found that the ATT is an effective pedagogic framework for K-12 teaching, which integrates the need for future-focused learning. While individual documents express each selected principle to varying degrees, overall, IB documents show widespread integration of the pedagogic themes behind the ATT, such as inquiry-based teaching and collaboration.