Improving the reflection process: A multi-case study of CAS implementation in six DP schools

Stirling Perry—Özel Bilkent Lisesi (Turkey)

The Creativity, Action, Service (CAS) program is a required experiential learning element of the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (DP) curriculum. This study examined the ways in which reflection within the CAS component was implemented at six DP schools in Turkey. Using a multi-case study, data was collected and analyzed through document analysis of sample reflections from students as well as from interviews and focus groups with students, teachers and administrators. The findings show that schools relied on varied forms of reflection, with some examples of authentic reflection, such as periodic essays or verbal interactions between advisors/teachers and students. Recommendations based on this research include improving the pre-reflection process, integrating more authentic timing for reflections, using a variety of means for reflections, clarifying the importance of reflections with students, giving students more regular feedback and closing out the CAS program with greater emphasis on post-reflection.

Executive summary pdf